Spot Bitcoin ETF May Soon Begin Trading in the US: What You Need to Know

Title: Spot Bitcoin ETF May Soon Begin Trading in the U.S.


Excitement is building around the possibility of a spot bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) launching in the United States. This regulated financial product would provide institutional and retail investors with easier exposure to bitcoin’s price without the need to directly invest in the asset. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) faces a January deadline to approve an application from Ark Shares, which is seen as a crucial date for the fate of more than a dozen outstanding applications.

Growing Optimism for Approval

Several indicators suggest that the SEC may approve a spot bitcoin ETF in the near future. Ongoing meetings between SEC staff, exchanges, and potential issuers, as well as a surge in filings, point towards a positive outcome. Representatives from the New York Stock Exchange, Nasdaq, and Cboe Global Markets reportedly met with SEC attorneys from the Division of Trading and Markets. These meetings indicate a collaborative effort to address the concerns and requirements surrounding the launch of a bitcoin ETF.

Cash Creation and Redemption Model

SEC staff have been engaging with issuers to discuss various aspects of their S-filings. One significant topic of discussion has been the use of a cash creation and redemption model instead of in-kind creation. Cash creation involves authorized participants purchasing shares of the ETFs using cash, rather than directly acquiring the underlying asset. Companies like BlackRock and Grayscale have argued that the SEC should allow in-kind creation, as it would lead to tighter spreads, greater investor protections, and closer tracking of underlying assets.

Challenges and Potential Solutions

While issuers have been advocating for both cash and in-kind creations, there are potential obstacles to the SEC allowing in-kind creations at this time. Existing rules for how broker-dealers handle custody transactions may need to be updated before in-kind creations can be permitted. Some issuers are cautious about introducing a bitcoin ETF as a catalyst for the SEC to revise rules and regulations for broker-dealers handling bitcoin. However, this challenge can be overcome by allowing intermediary businesses to handle trading for in-kind creations and redemptions.

Procedural Steps and SEC Approvals

On Wednesday, Fidelity filed a Form N-1A, which enables exchanges to list shares. While this filing does not guarantee approval, it is a necessary procedural step that must be taken if approval is granted. Other potential issuers are also expected to file similar forms. Analysts suggest that the actual SEC approvals will be determined by the b- and S- approvals, which are crucial for the launch of these ETFs.


The possibility of a spot bitcoin ETF trading in the U.S. is generating significant excitement among investors. The SEC’s January deadline for approving Ark Shares’ application is seen as a pivotal moment for the future of bitcoin ETFs. Ongoing meetings between SEC staff, exchanges, and issuers, as well as discussions on cash and in-kind creations, indicate a positive outlook for approval. While challenges exist, potential solutions and procedural steps, such as Fidelity’s recent filing, suggest progress towards the launch of a spot bitcoin ETF. Investors and industry observers eagerly await further developments in this rapidly evolving space.